CNC turning refers to a versatile industrial machining process commonly controlled by a computer. This process is further carried out on equipment that can be turned, like a lathe or turning center.
The process can be done with the axis of rotation in a horizontal or vertical orientation. The latter orientation is ideally used in a large radius.
In a CNC turning machine, a cutting tool is placed against a turning workpiece to remove materials and to get the best shape. The CNC turning center or lathe is controlled by a computer program for the proper production of precise components.
Remember that CNC turning is a reverse process. It rotates the workpiece, but the cutting bits remain static.
You can create a wide range of shapes with a CNC turning machine, including cones, cylinders, disks, and a combination of these shapes. In addition, certain machines can make polygonal turns using special rotating tools, like hexagons along the rotation axis.